How to Call in Coyotes:
Using Calls to Bring Coyotes In Close
One of the most exciting and effective ways to hunt coyotes is by using calls to bring them in close. Though efficient, learning how to call in coyotes is not easy, as there is more to calling in coyotes than one would think. Coyotes are incredibly smart and have a great sense of smell, sound, and eye sight that can pick up the slightest movement. Therefore there are many things you need to keep in mind to increase your odds of calling in a song dog.
The most ideal location is one that you can get into quickly and quietly. Of course, there needs to be coyotes in the area too, but if you have gone so far as to read this article, then we will assume you know where some coyotes hang out.
It is best to have a location picked out in advance of calling so you can get there without being detected. If you suspect that you have been detected by the coyotes, it is best to leave and come back another time as to not educate these animals that do learn very easily. The goal is to be as quiet as possible while keeping a low profile. Some areas are harder to get into undetected than others, so use extreme caution as this is one of the most crucial factors to your coyote calling session.
It is also important to pick a location that does not get a whole lot of pressure. As I already stated, coyotes are quick learners, and just because they do not come running in does not mean they did not hear your calls. Call-smart coyotes are very hard to get to come in, and in most cases, you are best to leave them alone and try another spot. Another option on these call-smart dogs is to try a spot and stalk maneuver to close the distance if all else fails.
A coyote’s sense of smell is many times its number one line of defense. I cannot count how many coyote calling situations have been ruined by human scent. It is very common for coyotes to take the long way in just so they can come in from downwind of the call. If a half smart coyote gets one human scent molecule, it will immediately turn and run away at full speed. There is not much one can do to revive the situation when this happens as a coyote will rely on his sense of smell more than he would if he had seen or heard you.
The way to combat wind is to find an area where you suspect the coyotes will most likely come in from upwind. If the wind is at your back, it is advised that you find another location where the wind is at your face, as setting up upwind is a sure way to give a coyote a quick education. I have yet to find any type of scent prevention that does any good other than playing the wind, so if you think cover scents and scent blocking gear are going to make any difference, give it a try and let me know how that works out for you.
When choosing a location, you will want to make sure there is enough cover to conceal you both during your entry and while calling. Coyotes have great eyesight and are particularly sensitive to movement. Make sure you can make slight movements without being protected by keeping yourself concealed. Coyotes seem to come in from where you least expect, so a little movement is typically necessary.
You also want to make sure there is not too much cover. First off, you want to be able to see coyotes coming in from a ways off so you have time to get ready. Then, once in range, you want to be able to get off a shot. It does not take much cover to stay concealed, especially if you keep still. Movement is key and coyotes will pick up on it long before they will pick up a stationary object that is unconcealed.
Camouflage is a necessity if you expect to get coyotes in close and be successful on a consistent basis. The more realistic your camo is to the surroundings the better you will be.
Calls and Sounds:
There are several calls and sounds that are effective for calling in coyotes. Learning how to call in coyotes means figuring out what calls work best in your area. The most popular are sounds that mimic prey in distress (usually a rabbit) or coyote sounds that they use to communicate with each other. Gaining the advice of experienced callers in your area can speed up the learning process, but a lot of die hard coyote hunters are quite private with the actual what and where of calling in coyotes.
Mouth Calls come in many different shapes and sizes and can be made to produce about any sound that is possible in the wild. The hardest part to learning how to call in coyotes with a mouth call is making it sound realistic. The best thing about mouth calls is that they are inexpensive and effective if used right. Practice is the only way to get good, but I suggest you do your practice before you go hunting. In the field is no place to learn how to call in coyotes with mouth calls as there is a good chance of scarring coyotes away with unnatural sounds.
There are two types of mouth calls:
Reed Calls: a call that is blown into to produce a sound with vibration and is controlled by lips, teeth or the amount of air that passes by the reed. These are generally the easiest mouth calls to learn on and rabbit squeals are very easy and most effective. It is also effective to reproduce realistic howls and other coyote talk with reed calls.
Click here to see the best Reed Calls for Coyotes.
- Diaphragm Calls: These are the type that go in your mouth and work by passing air over a rubber diaphragm. Diaphragm calls take quite a bit of practice to get good at and videos can really speed up the learning process. For coyote barks and howls, these are the best, but they can also produce the sound of prey. Not everyone’s mouth can handle diaphragm calls due to their gag reflex, but this will go away with time usually as a person learns how to better use them.
Click here to see the best Diaphragm calls for coyotes.
Electronic Predator Calls are gaining popularity in the coyote hunting world, as they enable a person to go out and start calling in coyotes right off the bat without such a learning curve. Electronic callers do the calling for you, but they can’t help with the other factors of learning how to call in coyotes. You still have to be smart when picking a stand location, getting there undetected and paying attention to wind direction.
Electronic predator calls can be extremely effective if used at the right spot and in the right conditions. I have had coyotes come running in from all directions; seven at one time during one set up. The sounds are usually recorded from actual animals, so it is obvious that electronic callers are extremely lifelike.
There are many different models to choose from when deciding on an electronic predator call. The old adage of “you get what you pay for” applies here and they can get very expensive. The best suggestion I can tell you is to go with the best you can afford. Hopefully that is at least $200 because that is the price point where you start to get into some quality with loud, clear, crisp sound.
There are several different electronic call brands with FoxPro being the best by most people’s standards. They have calls as inexpensive as $200, all the way up to close to $1,000. Click here to see a list of the top electronic predator calls ordered by price range: Best Electronic Varmint Calls.
Go Learn How to Call in Coyotes
You can read many articles on calling coyotes, but the most fun way to learn is to get out and try it. You will make mistakes as even the pros do from time to time, and you will definitely not get every coyote that comes in to the call. For more help on getting a call that will work best for you and fit into your budget, click here: www.BestforHunting.com. Just beware, once you figure out how to call in coyotes, it may quickly become an obsession in which your loved ones will not be as enthusiastic as you are; until you take them of course and they get a dose of it.